Etah district is one of the districts of Uttar Pradesh state of India, and Etah town is the district headquarters. Etah district is a part of Aligarh Division. It is dominated by Yadavs and Rajputs.
According to the 2011 census Etah district has a population of 1,761,152. This gives it a ranking of 272nd in India (out of a total of 640 Districts). The district has a population density of 717 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,860 /sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 12.77 %. Etah has a sex ratio of 863 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 73.27 %.
Etah is located at 27.63°N 78.67°E. It has an average elevation of 170 metres (557 feet). Eesan river flows through there (though very polluted now and almost dried up) behind the village Gajipur Pahore.
The primary occupation of the people of the district is agriculture. The area is situated between Ganga and Yamuna (Doaab) which is highly fertile (Alluvial soil). The farmers are harvesting three crops in a year. The water for irrigation is available the year round. Major agricultural products are rice, wheat, barley, jowar, bajra, maize; the soil is suitable for the cultivation of tobacco.
The people of Etah dress in a variety of traditional and Western styles. Traditional styles of dress include colourful draped garments – such as sari for women and dhoti or lungi for men – and tailored clothes such as salwar kameez for women and kurta-pyjama for men. Men often sport head-gear like topi or pagri. Sherwani is a more formal male dress and is frequently worn along with chooridar on festive occasions. European-style trousers and shirts are also common among the men.
The initial provisional data released by census India 2011, shows that density of Etah district for 2011 is 717 people per km2. In 2001, Etah district density was at 636 people per km2. Etah district administers 2,456 square kilometers of areas.
Etah is a developing city. It is the district headquarters since the British times. National Highway 91 (India)(NH 91) GT Road passes through city Etah. The Padav maidan (open field) is the field used for the army during army movements. Every year this field is use for Ram-Lila at Dussehra in month September and October and for exhibitions in month from December to February. Only these are the two events in a year when public of district Etah can enjoy the events like Kavi sammelan, dance competitions and fairs.